A team of California researchers have developed a method for predicting obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) patients’ responses to cognitive behavioral therapy using machine learning and fMRI, according to work published in the journal PNAS.

German researchers have developed a streamlined approach to histological examination using nano-scale computed tomography, according to a report published in the current issue of PNAS.

Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death in the U.S., but screening rates for the disease continue to be lower than those for both breast and cervical cancers, Courtney C. Moreno, MD, and colleagues at the Emory University School of Medicine reported this month. Colorectal cancer was projected to cause at least 50,000 deaths in the U.S. alone last year, but screening rates top out at 62.4 percent.

As the United States works to solve its ongoing opioid epidemic, medical specialties are beginning to examine their own behaviors to see who is, and is not, prescribing opioids. For example, a team of researchers used public Medicare data to study the number of opioids prescribed in 2015 by more than 2,000 radiologists from practices predominantly focused on interventional radiology.

To gain a better understanding of how the industry perceives radiology’s maturing relationship with artificial intelligence, researchers surveyed attending radiologists and trainees at a single diagnostic radiology (DR) residency program in August 2017, publishing their findings in the Journal of the American College of Radiology.